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TRING is a parish, market town and railway station, in Dacorum hundred, in the union and rural deanery of Berkhampstead, Aylesbury county court district, archdeaconry of St. Albans and diocese of Rochester, 7 miles south-east from Aylesbury, and 4½ north-west from Berkhampstead, on the road to Aylesbury: the town is neat, well paved and
lighted, and of ancient origin, on Icknield Street [Ed. – Akeman Street] , near which Roman remains have been found.  The London and North Western Railway station (31¾ miles from London) is a mile and three quarters from the town, and the Grand Junction Canal passes near.  There is a market on Friday, and fairs on Easter Monday and Old Michaelmas Day.  The chief business is in canvas weaving, straw plaiting, silk throwing and weaving, brewing, and parchment making.  The church of St. Peter and St. Paul is ancient and elegant: it is in the Perpendicular style, and contains some old monuments, and has a massive embattled tower, with 6 bells, nave, aisles, chancel, and a very handsome porch.  The register dates from the middle of the sixteenth century.  The living is a perpetual curacy, annual value £250, with residence, in the gift of Christ Church, Oxford, and held by the Rev. Henry Auber Harvey, M.A., of Christ Church, Oxford.  The parsonage house is a beautiful Elizabethan structure.  Here is a National school for boys and girls; also chapels for General and Particular Baptists.  The market-house stands in the centre of the main street.  There is a Mechanics’ Institute, a large Commercial Hall, and an Assembly Room, used for public and general purposes.  A court leet and a court baron for the manor of Tring are held.  Tring Park, the residence of the Rev. James Williams, M.A., J.P., is a noble mansion, standing in an extensive park on the south side of the town.  The soil, which rests on the lower chalk formation, varies considerably.  The parish contains 7,390 acres, and had a population in 1861 of 4,841, including Long Marstone and Wilstone.

ITTLE TRING and TRING GROVE are hamlets.  At Little Tring are the Grand Junction Canal Water Works [Ed. – canal pumping station], one mile from Tring: it is the highest water level in England, namely, 405 feet, the same height as that of St. Paul’s, London: there are 55 locks between Northchurch and the Thames.

ONG MARSTON is a hamlet and chapelry to Tring, 3¾ miles north-east from Tring, 4½ east from Aylesbury, and 38 from London, in Dacorum hundred and Berkhampstead union, partly in Buckinghamshire, and partly in Herts, near the Aylesbury Railway and Canal. Portions of the chapel are very ancient. The living is a perpetual curacy, annexed to Tring, held by the Rev. Henry Auber Harvey, M.A., of Christ Church, Oxford. Passengers on the Aylesbury line of railway are taken up and set down at Long Marston Gates. Here are several plaiting and Sunday schools. Here is a Baptist chapel. Betlow is a lordship within the hamlet. The soil is loam, chalk, and clay. The crops are wheat, oats, and barley. The population in 1861 was about 440.

ILSTONE is a small hamlet and chapelry to Tring, from which it is 2 miles north-west, and 6½ east from Aylesbury. The village is pleasantly situated in a valley under the hills, on the Aylesbury Canal.  Straw plaiting is the principal employment of the females here.  The chapel, which formerly stood here, was destroyed by the Parliamentary army under Cromwell.  The National school is licensed for Divine service, which is performed once every Sunday morning or afternoon, alternately with Long Marston.  The Baptists have a small chapel.  The principal landowner is the Rev. James Williams, M.A., J.P.  The population in 1861 was 500, and the area is 690 acres.

Parish Clerk, Thomas Tompkins.


POST AND MONEY ORDER OFFICE, POST OFFICE SAVINGS BANK, GOVERNMENT ANNUITY AND INSURANCE OFFICE. – Henry Nicholson, postmaster, High street. Letters arrive from all parts at 10.45 a.m.; from London & the South at 10 p.m.; from the North at 4.30 a.m.; the delivery is at 7.30 a.m. Dispatches to London & the South & to the North & Scotland at 8.40 a.m.; to London only at 11.35 a.m.; general dispatch to Ireland & North & West of England at 8.30 p.m.; final dispatch to London at 9.30 p.m.



Atlas, Ebenezer Charles Bird, High street
Alliance Alexander Thomas Parkes, High street
British Empire Mutual Life, Rev. R. Shindler; M.Young
Briton Medical & General, John M. Shugar, High street,
County Fire, George Elliman, High street
County Hailstorm, Alexander Thomas Parkes, High st
General, Mark Young, Park street; J. T. Clement, High st
Imperial Life, W. B. Humphrey
Lancashire Fire & Life, Henry Nicholson, High street

London Assurance, Mark Young, Park street
Manchester Fire, James Putnam, Frogmore street
Midland Counties, F. Beesley, Pitstone mills
Mutual, Thomas Glover, High street
Norwich Union, J. Chapman, High street
Provincial, George Jeffery, High street
Royal, John Amsden, Park street
Royal Exchange, J. Andrews, Akeman street
Sun Fire & Life, William Brown, High street
Whittington Life, Rev. R. Shindler, Western road



Assembly Room, Akeman st. Henry Tompkin, proprietor
Excise Office, ‘Rose & Crown’, High street
Commercial Hall, William Brown, proprietor
Stamp Office, High street, Ebenezer Charles Bird

Tring Ford Engines, Little Tring (Grand Junction Canal Co.),
    William Woodhouse, engineer
Mechanics’ Institute, High street, Henry Dawe, sec.; James
    Horn, librarian
Tring Gas & Coke Company, John Amsden



Clerk to the Magistrates of Bucks & Herts, John Merritt
    Shugar, High street
Superintendent Registrar of Births, Deaths & Marriages
    for Great Berkhampstead Union
, Thos. Thomas,
    of Great Berkhampstead
Certifying Surgeon of Factories, Edwd. Pope, esq. High st
Clerk to Local Government Board, John Merritt Shugar,
    High street
Surgeon to Great Berkhampstead & Aylesbury Union,
    Edward Pope, esq. High street
Registrar of Births, Deaths & Marriages for Tring
, Mark Young, Prospect house
Deputy Registrar of Births & Deaths for Tring
, Thomas Fleet, Park street
Relieving Officer for Great Berkhampstead Union,
    Garnett Jones, West end
Secretary to the Tring Agricultural Association, William Brown,
    High st

 Secretary to the Tring Association for the Prosecution
    of Felons
, Alexander Thomas Parkes, High street
National School, Miss Mary McGregor, mistress
National School, West end, William Baines, master; Miss
    Jane Sparrow, mistress

POSTING HOUSE.—‘Rose & Crown’, High street, Mrs.
    Caroline Morgan
CONVEYANCE— Omnibus from the ‘Rose & Crown’, High
    street, to Railway station
    AYLESBURY — Crook, from ‘Bell’, thursday; Clark, on
        saturday, at 9, starting from Berkhampstead
    BIERTON — Todd, from ‘Rose & Crown,’ friday
    HEMEL HEMPSTEAD — Crook, from ‘ Bell,’ wednesday,
        returning thursday
    LONDON — Chaplin & Horne, from Stevens’, Brook
        street, daily, per railway, sunday excepted




Bailey Mrs. High street
Bennett Rev. John [Baptist], Akeman st
Brown John, esq. High street
Brown William, esq. Beech grove
Butcher Frederick, esq. High street
Butcher Thomas, esq. Frogmore house

Griffin Mrs. The Elms
Harvey Rev. Henry A., M.A. Parsonage
Heybourne Mrs. Western road
Jenny Miss, Westem road
Jenny Stewart, esq. J.P. Western road
Lipscomb Richd. Nicholson, esq. High st
Marriott Rev. Jas. [curate], Western rd
Mead Mr. William, High street

Stafford Mr. John B. Longcroft
Sexton Rev. William [Baptist] ,Henry st
Shindler Rev. R. [Baptist], Frogmore st
Shugar John Merritt, esq. Park street
Watson Rev. Henry George, B.A.
    [curate for Long Marston &  Wilstone],
    Western road
Williams Rev. Jas. M.A., J.P. Tring park



Abraham James, beer retailer, Frogmore street
Adams Charles, baker, Henry street
Adams Henry, fellmonger, Frogmore street
Alderman Thomas, tailor & photographer, High street
Allen George, boot & shoe maker, West end
Amsden John, coal merchant, Park street
Anderton Samuel, toll clerk, Bulbourne
Andrews James, builder, Akeman street
Austin James, wood turner, Akeman street
Bailey Thomas & Son, grocers, High street
Baldwin James, tailor & photographer, Western road
Barber Benjamin, beer retailer, Akeman street
Barber Charles, beer retailer & blacksmith, Akeman street
Barber Edmund, wood turner &c painter, Akeman street
Barber George, beer retailer, Western road
Batchelor John, brewer & beer retailer, Hastoe
Beckett Henry, Old Robin Hood, High street
Bell Robert William, draper, High street
Bennett Emma (Miss), milliner
Bird Ebenezer Charles, printer, stationer & fancy repository,
    High street
Birdsey Frederick, beer retailer & butcher, King street
Boddy John, greengrocer, Akeman street
Brain Joseph, currier & leather cutter, High street
Brandon Thomas, shoe maker, Akeman street
Brinkman William, cooper, High street
Brittain Philip, wood turner & furniture dealer, High st
Brown John, brewer, wine & spirit merchant, maltster &
    agent for Barclay’s stout & Allsopp’s ales, Tring brewery,
    High street
Brown Samuel, Royal hotel, Tring station
Brown William, land agent, surveyor & auctioneer, High st
Budd Joseph, marine store dealer, Akeman street
Bull George, farmer & brickmaker, Oak grove
Burgess John, canvas manufacturer, Lower Dunsley
Butcher Thomas & Sons, bankers, High street; draw on
    J. Dimsdale, Fowler & Barnard, bankers, London
Butcher Thomas, beer retailer & fishmonger, Akeman street
Carter Charles, coal & wood dealer
Cartwright Ebenezer, turner, Henry street
Cato William, canvas manufacturer, open canvas for berlin
    wool & gunpowder canvas manufacturer, West end
Chapman Alfred, beer retailer & marine store dealer,
    Frogmore street
Chapman Henry, tailor, West end
Chapman John, chemist & druggist, High street
Chapman John, shoe maker, Pleasant place
Chappell Chas. carpenter, builder & stone mason, Western rd
Cherry James, superintendent at Grand Junction Canal
    Company’s Works, Bulbourne
Clark George, boot & shoe maker, New mill

Clark George, watch & clock maker, Akeman street
Clark James, bricklayer, West end
Clark Joseph, farmer, Parkley Hill farm
Clement & Sons, watch & clockmakers, High street
Cook Charles, baker, Akeman street
Cosier John, tailor, Frogmore street
Coster Charles, beer retailer, High street
Crawley James, wheelwright, West end
Crawley William, iron founder, Western road
Crocket Samuel, shopkeeper, Langden street
Crouch Benjamin, farmer, Miswell .
Cyster Charles, Queen’ s Arms, New mill .
Dawe James, farmer, Park street
Day Charles, farrier, Akeman street
Edwin Edmund, confectioner & tailor, High street
Edwin James, Britannia, Western road
Elliman & Co. drapers, High street
Elliman George, linen & woollen draper, High street
Emery William, beer retailer, Frogmore street
Evans David & Co. silk throwsters & silkmen (John Akers,
    manager), Brook street
Faulkner James, Grand Junction Arms, Bulbourne
Fincher Charles, carpenter, Park street
Fincher Charlotte (Mrs.), beer retailer, Western road
Fleet Thomas, machinist, Park street
Foskett David, shoe maker, Akeman street
Fossett Richard, boot & shoe maker, Frogmore street.
Fountain Mark, tripe dresser & sausage maker, High street
Fulks James, farmer, Hastoe
Glover Sarah (Miss), ladies’ school, Western road
Glover Thomas, grocer, High street
Goodson Thomas, blacksmith, High street.
Grace Charles, manufacturing ironmonger, whitesmith, bell
    hanger, iron & wire fence maker, agent for Flavel’s prize
    kitcheners [Ed. — kitchen ranges], Akeman street
Grace Letitia (Mrs.), baker, Akeman street
Grace Thomas, maltster & corn chandler, Akeman street
Green John, dyer, Western road
Griffin Sarah (Miss), baby linen warehouse, High street
Griffin William, cabinet maker & joiner, High street
Grover William, miller, Tring mill
Gurney Joseph, beer retailer, Akeman street
Hanshaw Maria (Miss), milliner & dress maker, Akeman st
Hayward Frances (Mrs.), shopkeeper, High street
Hedges John, plumber & glazier, Parsonage lane
Hill George, tailor, Western road
Hillsdon John, millwright, West end
Honour James, carpenter, Akeman street
Horn James, linen draper, Akeman street
Horwood Charles, farmer, Wick farm
Hughes J. china & glass dealer, High street
Hunt George, farm bailiff to Rev. H. G. Williams


Jeffery George, chemist & druggist, High street
Johnson William, butcher, Western road
Jones Garnett, relieving officer, West end
Kindell Francis, boot & shoe maker, Akeman street
King John, rope maker, Park street
King Thomas, shopkeeper, Frogmore street
Kingham Henry, farmer, Little Tring
Knight John Craddock, plumber, High street
Lake Thomas, boot & shoe maker, Akeman street
Liddington James, beer retailer & corn dealer, Frogmore st
Liddington Seabrook, brewer & maltster, High st
Limbrey John, ironmonger, High street
Lipscomb Richard Nicholson, surgeon, High street
Little Thomas, farmer, Tring grange
Marcham Joseph, gardener & seedsman, Brook end
Mead Edward, miller, Tring wharf
Mead John, butcher & farmer, High street
Mead William, jun. coal merchant & wharfinger,
    Tring wharf
Meager John Green Man, High street
Mechanics’ Institute, (Henry Dawe, sec.; James Horn,
    librarian), High street
Miles Mary (Miss), ladies’ school, Dunsley cottage
Morgan Caroline (Mrs.), Rose & Crown commercial
    inn posting house, High street .
Moulder Joseph, boot & shoe maker, Frogmore st
Newens Job, smith, farrier & beer retailer, Akeman st
Nicholson Henry, stationer, High street
Nicholson Thomas Richard, draper, High street
Norris James, grocer, High street
Norris Joseph, Bell inn, & hair dresser, High street
Osborn David, carpenter, Park street
Osborn William, shopkeeper, High street
Parker George, beer retailer, Park street
Parker William, beer retailer, New mill
Parkes Alex. Thos. auctioneer, land agent & surveyor,
    High st
Penn Thomas, greengrocer, Mill row
Philbey Charles, baker, Akeman street .
Philbey Thomas, butcher, Akeman street
Pope Edward, surgeon, High street
Prouse & Burman, saddlers & harness makers, High st
Putnam James, baker, Frogmore street
Putnam James, corn dealer, High street
Putnam William, baker, Frogmore street
Rance George, Castle, Park street

Rance James, cattle dealer, Tring grove
Rance Thomas, cabinet maker, Akeman street
Rich Sarah( Mrs.) register office for domestic servants, High st
Rickett John, shoe maker, Akeman street
Rolph Charles, coal dealer, Park street
Rymell William, hair dresser & plumber, High street
Sallery Mary (Miss), straw bonnet maker, High street.
Sallery Samuel, George, & mealman, Frogmore st
Saw John, beer retailer, Frogmore street
Seaton John, butcher, High street
Sexton William, tea dealer, Akeman street
Sherman Mary Ann (Mrs.), straw bonnet maker, High st
Shugar John Merritt, solicitor, & perpetual commissioner for
    taking acknowledgments of deeds by married women &.
    commissioner for taking affidavits in all common law
    courts, clerk to magistrates & to the local government
    board, High street
Smith Edward, tailor, Akeman street
Smith Edwin, carpenter & builder, Brook street
Smith Frederick, beer retailer, Western road
Smith James, gardener & seedsman, High street
Southernwood Eleazar, farmer, Tring grove
Southernwood Peter, farmer, Parsonage farm
Springwell Thomas, tailor, Western road
Stevens Henry, boot & shoe maker, Akeman street
Stevens Samuel, grocer, & agent to the London & North
    Western Railway Company, Brook street
Stevenson William, shopkeeper, Western road
Tavendale Joseph, farmer, Pendley farm
Taylor William, shopkeeper, King Charles place
Thorp Robert, grocer, High street
Timms Cyrus, fishmonger, Frogmore street
Tofield John, beer retailer, Frogmore street
Tompkins Thomas & Henry, ironmongers & tin plate
    workers, High street
Tring Gas & Coke Company, John Amsden
Wheeler George, stationer & fancy repository, High street
Woodhouse William, engineer, Little Tring
Woodman Richard & Son, butchers, High street
Woodman Edward, rate collector, Western road
Woodman John, Plough, High street
Woodman Thomas, farmer, Dunsley
Wright George, butcher, Akeman street
Wright John, butcher, King street
Wright William, miller, Hastoe mill
Young Mark, academy, Park street



Snell Rev. John Howe, B.A. [curate]


Chapman John, wheelwright & farmer
Collins William, Crown, & carrier
Cook Thomas, farmer, Betlow
Eustace Henry, farmer, Whittle
Fountain Charles, farmer, Betlow
Fulks John, farmer

Funge James, beer retailer
Grange James, farmer
Gregory John, farmer
Gregory Henry, butcher
Gregory Joseph, farmer, Chapel
Griffin Daniel, farmer, Red house
Griffin James, farmer, Tring folly
Kingsley Thomas, farmer, Boorscroft

Mullis Philip, shoe maker
Newman Henry, shoe maker
Oakley James, White Hart, & plait
Orchard William, Old Queens Head
Reed Richard, baker
Rod well James, farmer
Woodwards George, farmer



Chappin Robert, boot maker
Darville James, cattle dealer
Goodson Thomas, jun. blacksmith
Grange James, sen. farmer
Greening John, Half Moon
Greening Joseph, farmer, Chapel

Gregory James, cattle dealer & farmer
Gregory Robert, beer retailer
Hanwell George, baker
Lines Thomas, shopkeeper
Mead Thomas, farmer, Gubblecott
Newens Edward, cattle dealer

Newman Elizabeth (Mrs.), wheelwright
Newman Mary (Mrs.), frmr. Gubblecott
Rodwell Job, beer retailer & farmer
Southernwood Thomas, farmer
White John, baker
Woodman Henry, farmer